Caldwell-luc antrostomy

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Template:Orphan Template:Infobox medical intervention

Caldwell-luc antrostomy is an operation to remove irreversibly damaged mucosa of the maxillary sinus. It is done when maxillary sinusitis is not cured by medication or other non-invasive technique.The approach is mainly from anterior wall of maxilla bone.[1]

Medical uses

  • Chronic damage of cavity of maxilla bone.[2]
  • Removal of foreign bodies.[3][4][5]
  • Malignancy of sinus.[6]
  • Fracture of maxilla and/or orbital floor.[7]
  • Abnormal growth of mucous membrane of sinus(polyp).[8]
  • Dental cyst.[3]

Contraindications

It is rarely done in children as the damage to secondary dentition may occur.[3]

Complications

  • Bleeding after surgery[3]
  • Facial asymmetry
  • cheek discomfort
  • Damage to teeth[9]

Procedure

Anaesthesia

Operation may be performed under local anaesthesia but it is commonly carried under general anaesthesia. The use of topical anaesthesia and injection of adrenaline into soft tissue of canine fossa is recommended.[3]

Technique

First of all the incision is made from lateral incisor to the second molar tooth.Then the flap of mucosa and periosteum is elevated and dissected to expose the anterior wall of sinus and then anterior wall is opened in the canine fossa where the bone is relatively thin with the drill. The opening can be enlarged by hayek or kerrison punch forceps to produce hole sufficiently large to provide access for example to allow removal of sinus mucosa or introduction of an endoscope and instruments.
File:Kerrison punch 02.jpg
Kerrison punch 02

The entire lining of sinus is dissected and removed as the success of the operation in chronic rhinosinusitis. Packing of nasal cavity and sinus is sometime required. Suturing of buccal incision is recommended with absorbable suture material.

The patient should be advised against overenthusiastic blowing of the nose for at least a week.[3]

History

It was described by George Caldwell in 1893 and Henry Luc in 1897. They describe the operation of maxillary sinus diseases via canine fossa.Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is the standard surgery for maxillary sinusitis nowadays.[10]

References

  1. Template:Cite book
  2. Template:Cite journal
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Scott-Brown's otolaryngology, head and neck surgery
  4. Template:Cite journal
  5. Template:Cite journal
  6. Template:Cite journal
  7. Template:Cite journal
  8. Template:Cite journal
  9. Early Practice: External Sinus Surgery and Procedures and Complications.Otolaryngologic clinics of North America
  10. Template:Cite book